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Jason E. Coleman, Gabriela E. Fuchs, Susan L. Semple-Rowland; Analyses of the Guanylate Cyclase Activating Protein-1 Gene Promoter in the Developing Retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(5):1335-1343.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. To determine the activity, cell specificity, and developmental expression profiles of fragments of the chicken guanylate cyclase activating protein (GCAP)-1 promoter.
methods. The intrinsic activities of five GCAP1 promoter-luciferase constructs were measured in transiently transfected primary chicken embryonic retinal cultures. Lentivirus vectors carrying GCAP1 promoter-nlacZ transgenes were used to examine the cell specificities and temporal expression characteristics of selected promoter fragments in developing retina.
results. Three of the five GCAP1 promoter fragments exhibited significant activity in vitro. The expression characteristics of the promoter fragments in vivo varied as a function of promoter length. Expression of nlacZ driven by the 0.6- and 1.7-kb GCAP1 promoter fragments was first observed on embryonic day (E)12 and was restricted to the inner nuclear layer (INL). By E16, nlacZ staining was also detected in the outer nuclear layer (ONL). Expression of nlacZ driven by the 4.2-kb GCAP1 promoter fragment was not observed until E16 and was restricted to the ONL.
conclusions. The general organization of regulatory cis elements within the GCAP1 promoter is different from other photoreceptor-specific gene promoters. Elements located within 0.3 kb upstream of the transcription start point are capable of producing efficient gene expression; however, additional elements located within 4.0 kb upstream of the transcription start point are necessary to confer on the fragment the cell specificity and developmental expression characteristics of the native GCAP1 promoter. The results of the current study show that the lentiviral vector system is a useful tool for the characterization of the promoters of genes expressed in neural retina.
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