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Karl Peters, Gary R. Dennis, Philip J. Anderton, Thomas J. Millar; The Effects of Novel Amphipathic Block Copolymers on Stabilization of the Rat Tear Film. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(12):5089-5094. doi: 10.1167/iovs.02-0914.
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purpose. To determine whether various novel amphipathic polymers could be used to stabilize the tear film of the rat. The rheologic properties of these polymers were examined to investigate whether particular structural or physical characteristics improve the stability of the tear film.
methods. Amphipathic polymers or particular phospholipids were mixed with a test solution of tears and saline and applied to the clean, dry corneal surface of a rat. The specular reflection of the tear film was observed at high magnification and recorded. For each of the polymers or lipids, the effects on surface regularity and tear break-up time were compared. After the experiments, histologic sections of the tested eyes were prepared and examined for acute cytotoxic effects on the cornea and ocular conjunctiva.
results. Tear film break-up time was markedly affected by differences in polymer structure. Copolymers consisting of separate hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions appeared to be the best stabilizers. No acute cytotoxic effects were observed in histologic sections of corneas to which the polymers had been applied.
conclusions. Amphipathic polymers can be designed to increase tear film stability. Increased tear film stability occurred more readily with copolymers, possibly through their interaction with both lipid and aqueous tear components.
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