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Timothy M. Nolan, Nick Di Girolamo, Minas T. Coroneo, Denis Wakefield; Proliferative Effects of Heparin-Binding Epidermal Growth Factor–like Growth Factor on Pterygium Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(1):110-113. doi: 10.1167/iovs.03-0046.
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purpose. To investigate the growth promoting and chemotactic effects of heparin binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF), recently shown to be upregulated by ultraviolet irradiation in pterygium-derived epithelium cells (PECs) and pterygium fibroblasts (PFs).
methods. PECs and PFs were incubated with various concentrations of HB-EGF. Cell proliferation was evaluated by measurement of [3H]thymidine incorporation. The potential chemotactic effect of HB-EGF on these two cell lines was assessed with migration assays, using modified Boyden chambers and checkerboard analysis.
results. Incubation of PECs and PFs with HB-EGF resulted in a significant increase in [3H]thymidine incorporation compared with that of control cells. HB-EGF stimulated chemotaxis of both PECs and PFs. Maximum stimulation occurred at 1 ng/mL for PFs and 10 ng/mL for PECs. These effects were abolished by the addition of a neutralizing antibody to HB-EGF.
conclusions. The findings demonstrate the potential proliferative and chemotactic effects of HB-EGF on both PECs and PFs. This is the first study to illustrate the positive effect of a specific growth or chemotactic factor on the cellular elements of a pterygium.
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