Purchase this article with an account.
James C. H. Tan, Roger A. Hitchings; Optimizing and Validating an Approach for Identifying Glaucomatous Change in Optic Nerve Topography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(5):1396-1403. doi: 10.1167/iovs.03-0025.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. To determine and validate optimal parameters for analysis in a previously described approach for identifying glaucomatous optic nerve progression by scanning laser tomography.
methods. Thirty-degree sectors of rim area, as defined by an experimental reference plane, were analyzed for change with respect to different statistical limits of variability (80%, 90%, 95%, 98%, 99%, and 99.9%) in the longitudinal image series of 62 eyes from 30 ocular hypertension converters and 32 normal control subjects. A criterion requiring that change is repeatable in two of three consecutive tests (the 2-of-3 criterion) was compared with a single-test strategy not requiring confirmation, and four other plausible criteria. The influence of these various parameters on sensitivity and the false-positive rate was evaluated. The same series were also assessed for change by the known method of computer-generated probability maps.
results. More sectors were identified as progressing in converter eyes than in control eyes at every limit of variability. With stricter limits of variability and a requirement of confirmation, fewer sectors were identified as changing, especially in control eyes. The 2-of-3 criterion had the most favorably balanced sensitivity and false-positive rates: these were, for the 90% limit of variability, 90.0% and 6.2%, respectively, and for the 95% limit, 83.3% and 3.1%, respectively. Confirmed rim loss in converter eyes was most frequent in the disc poles and corresponded with the field hemisphere of conversion in 80%. Probability maps detected significant and repeatable change in 26 (86.7%) of 30 converter eyes and 14 (43.8%) of 32 of control eyes.
conclusions. This study was conducted to optimize and validate an approach for identifying progression. The method distinguished eyes with glaucomatous change from unchanging control eyes.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only