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Julie T. Daniels, Alison D. Cambrey, Nicholas L. Occleston, Qian Garrett, Roy W. Tarnuzzer, Gregory S. Schultz, Peng T. Khaw; Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibition Modulates Fibroblast-Mediated Matrix Contraction and Collagen Production In Vitro. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(3):1104-1110. doi: 10.1167/iovs.02-0412.
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purpose. To investigate the effect of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibition on fibroblast-mediated matrix contraction and production.
methods. Free-floating fibroblast–populated type I collagen lattices were prepared with human Tenon’s capsule fibroblasts. Lattice areas were photographed and digitally analyzed to indicate the degree of lattice contraction. Quantitative competitive reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (QCRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to quantify mRNA and protein respectively for MMP-1, -2, and -3 by fibroblasts during lattice contraction. Gelatin zymography demonstrated activity of MMPs released into the conditioned medium of contracting lattices. Concentrations of the broad-spectrum MMP inhibitors ilomastat, CellTech (Slough, UK), and BB-94 were added to the contracting fibroblast-populated collagen lattices. Secreted C-terminal propeptide of type I collagen was measured in conditioned medium of contracting lattices by ELISA. Fibroblast proliferation in the presence of concentrations of ilomastat was measured by using the reagent water-soluble tetrazolium-1 (WST-1).
results. During contraction of type I collagen lattices, Tenon’s capsule fibroblasts expressed MMP-1, -2, and -3 mRNA and protein. Zymography demonstrated the release of four gelatinolytic species into the conditioned medium of contracting lattices (57, 72, 91, and 100 kDa). Inclusion of MMP inhibitors in the zymogram-developing buffer reduced the proteolytic activity of the detected bands. MMP inhibition (1–100 μM) significantly reduced fibroblast-mediated collagen lattice contraction (P < 0.05), and this effect was found to be reversible. Ilomastat also significantly inhibited production of collagen in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). No effect on fibroblast proliferation was found in the presence of ilomastat.
conclusions. MMPs are produced during Tenon’s capsule fibroblast-mediated collagen lattice contraction. Broad-spectrum MMP inhibition significantly reduced matrix contraction and production without cell toxicity. Future clinical use of MMP inhibitors may be possible, because MMP inhibition significantly reduces fibroblast functions associated with contractile scarring.
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