Purchase this article with an account.
Ruby Grewal, Jadwiga Stepczynski, Rhonda Kelln, Timothy Erickson, Ruth Darrow, Linda Barsalou, Michelle Patterson, Daniel T. Organisciak, Paul Wong; Coordinated Changes in Classes of Ribosomal Protein Gene Expression Is Associated with Light-Induced Retinal Degeneration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(11):3885-3895. doi: 10.1167/iovs.04-0358.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. To identify genes with altered expression levels in the degenerating retina in a light-induced retinal degeneration (LIRD) model.
methods. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to intense green light for 4 hours. After this treatment, the retinas were excised, RNA was extracted, and a cDNA library was prepared. The cDNA library was differentially cross-screened with probes representing 0-hour and 4-hour light-exposed rat retina. Transcripts with altered expression levels were sequenced and expression was confirmed by Northern blot analysis. Gene-specific primers were designed and used to examine the expression levels of other genes involved in protein synthesis. Promoter sequences of the ribosomal-binding protein (Rbp) genes were analyzed for transcription-binding sites.
results. Of the 10,000 clones that were initially screened, 41 exhibited altered expression levels. Six of these corresponded to five known Rbp genes. Six additional Rbp genes were also examined. In total, 9 of 11 Rbp genes exhibited an increase in expression levels in response to a 4-hour light exposure. In contrast, the transcript levels of elongation factor 1α1 and 18S rRNA did not increase. The most abundant transcription factor–binding sites conserved in the promoter regions of all Rbp genes examined in this study include AP-1, Oct-1, V-myb, USF, Pax-4, and the FOX family of transcription factors.
conclusions. The results indicate that light-induced retinal degeneration (LIRD) is associated with increased expression of specific Rbp genes. These Rbp genes may be involved in mediating visual cell loss in LIRD through a translational or an extraribosomal mechanism.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only