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Sora Hahn, Stanley Azen, Mei Ying-Lai, Rohit Varma, the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study Group; Central Corneal Thickness in Latinos. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(4):1508-1512. doi: 10.1167/iovs.02-0641.
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purpose. To characterize central corneal thickness (CCT) in Latinos aged 40 or more years.
methods. A population-based cohort of Latinos from two census tracts in La Puente, California, underwent measurements of CCT and intraocular pressure (IOP). CCT was measured with an ultrasonic pachymeter, and IOP was measured by applanation tonometry. One eye of each of 1699 participants was included in the analyses.
results. The mean (±SD) CCT was 546.9 ± 33.5 μm. Older participants (≥70 years) had significantly thinner CCs compared with participants 40 to 49 years of age (P < 0.05). Eyes with ocular hypertension had thicker CCs than did normal and glaucomatous eyes (P < 0.05). Multivariate adaptive regression spline analyses and analysis of variance contrasting IOP subgroups revealed that eyes with thinner CCs had lower IOP than did eyes with thicker CCs (P < 0.001). The absolute range of interocular differences in CCT in the same subject was as high as 24 μm.
conclusions. On average, CCT in Latinos was less than that previously reported in whites but greater than that reported in African Americans and Asians. Older Latinos had thinner corneas compared with younger Latinos. Asymmetry in CCT of 25 μm or more should be evaluated for potential corneal disease. Spline analyses suggest that although the relationship between IOP and CCT is best explained by a nonlinear equation, when measuring IOP with the Goldmann tonometer, it is likely that IOP is underestimated in eyes with thinner CCs and overestimated in eyes with thicker CCs.
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