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Hiroko Yamagami, Satoru Yamagami, Taeko Inoki, Shiro Amano, Kazunori Miyata; The Effects of Proinflammatory Cytokines on Cytokine-Chemokine Gene Expression Profiles in the Human Corneal Endothelium. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(2):514-520. doi: 10.1167/iovs.02-0498.
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purpose. To determine the effects of proinflammatory cytokines on differential gene expression profiles in the human corneal endothelium (HCE), by using a cDNA expression array.
methods. A human cDNA expression array technology was used to study the simultaneous expression of HCE incubated with interleukin (IL)-1α and tumor necrosis factor-(TNF)-α. Gene-specific semiquantitative reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were performed to examine the gene and protein expression patterns revealed by the cDNA expression array, in the presence and absence of proinflammatory cytokines. Moreover, the expression of these genes was studied in ex vivo HCE of donor cornea by RT-PCR.
results. IL-1α and TNF-α upregulated the expression of 46 of 268 genes for cytokines, chemokines, and their receptors in stimulated HCE. The most upregulated genes in the cDNA expression array, those of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 (CCL2), IL-8 (CXCL8), IL-6, and growth-related β (GROβ, CXCL2), were studied. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and ELISA analyses revealed the proinflammatory cytokine-mediated changes in the respective gene transcription and protein expression levels. The mRNAs were detected in ex vivo HCE of donor cornea stimulated with proinflammatory cytokines.
conclusions. HCE can abundantly express cytokines and chemokines through the stimulation of proinflammatory cytokines. The detected genes, those of CCL2, CXCL8, IL-6, and CXCL2, in HCE could facilitate understanding of the inflammatory responses, including the production of keratic precipitates and the correlation between CE and an inflamed cornea or aqueous humor.
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