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Michael S. Ibarra, Jason Hsu, Naureen Mirza, I-Hui Wu, Gui-shuang Ying, Martin A. Mainster, Michael J. Tolentino; Retinal Temperature Increase during Transpupillary Thermotherapy: Effects of Pigmentation, Subretinal Blood, and Choroidal Blood Flow. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(10):3678-3682. doi: 10.1167/iovs.04-0436.
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purpose. To study the risk of adverse events in transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) for age-related macular degeneration by measuring how laser-induced retinal temperature increase is affected experimentally by subretinal blood, choroidal blood flow, and chorioretinal pigmentation.
methods. An ultrafine thermocouple technique was developed to measure retinal temperature increase during TTT in albino and pigmented rabbit eyes. TTT was performed with 60-second, 0.78-mm spot size, 810-nm infrared diode laser exposures with power settings ranging from 50 to 950 mW. Intraretinal and subretinal temperature increases were measured in pigmented and albino rabbits, with or without subretinal blood and choroidal blood flow.
results. Threshold power settings for visible lesions in albino and pigmented rabbits were 950 and 90 mW, respectively, corresponding to retinal temperature increases of 11.8°C and 5.28°C, respectively. Power settings required to produce threshold lesions in albino rabbits caused retinal temperature increases in pigmented rabbits that were five times higher than in the albino rabbits. Temperature increases in albino rabbits were 1.5 times higher with subretinal blood than without it. Choroidal blood flow generally did not affect measured retinal temperature increases.
conclusions. The results confirm prior theoretical recommendations that clinicians should consider decreasing TTT power settings in darkly pigmented eyes and proceed with caution in those with subretinal hemorrhage or pigment clumping.
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