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Zheng He, Bang V. Bui, Algis J. Vingrys; The Rate of Functional Recovery from Acute IOP Elevation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(11):4872-4880. doi: 10.1167/iovs.06-0590.
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purpose. To evaluate the recovery of retinal function after acute IOP elevation.
methods. The electroretinogram (ERG) was measured before, during, and after IOP increased to 50 and 70 mm Hg at different durations in anesthetized, dark-adapted rats (n = 5–7). Signals were collected for dim and bright flashes (−4.95 and 1.0 log cd · s/m2) and analyzed in terms of the photoreceptoral (P3), postreceptoral (P2), and inner retinal (negative scotopic threshold response [nSTR]) responses. Parameters (treatment/baseline, %) were compared across time by using repeated-measures ANOVA and t-tests. The rate of recovery was quantified with a logistic function and compared by bootstrap.
results. IOP spikes induce greater loss (P < 0.01) and slower recovery (P < 0.001) in the nSTR compared with the P2 and P3 responses. IOP spikes having common integral (pressure × duration, 2100 mm Hg × minutes) for insult gave significantly greater P2 and nSTR dysfunction at the higher pressure (70 vs. 50 mm Hg, nSTR reduced to −2.5% ± 0.5% vs. 20.3% ± 6.5%, P < 0.05). The higher pressure also produced significantly slower nSTR recovery (50% recovery time [t 0.5] 70 vs. 50 mm Hg: 33.1 vs. 21.7 minutes; P < 0.05). At a given IOP (70 mm Hg), t 0.5 showed a linear relationship with duration (15 vs. 30 vs. 60 minutes’ exposure: t 0.5 16.7 vs. 33.1 vs. 63.2 minutes; P < 0.05) and integral.
conclusions. Ganglion cell function recovers slower than the outer retina after IOP insult, with peak IOP being the principle determinant of functional loss and recovery. For a fixed pressure, functional recovery is linearly related to exposure.
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