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Nina Lukinova, Jared Iacovelli, Tzvete Dentchev, Natalie Wolkow, Allan Hunter, Defne Amado, Gui-Shuang Ying, Janet R. Sparrow, Joshua L. Dunaief; Iron Chelation Protects the Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cell Line ARPE-19 against Cell Death Triggered by Diverse Stimuli. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(3):1440-1447. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-2545.
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purpose. Cell death can be induced by exogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS). Endogenous ROS can also play a role in cell death triggered by agents that are not themselves ROS. One of the most potent ROS-generating systems is the iron-catalyzed Fenton reaction. Herein, the authors tested whether iron plays an important role in cell death induced by diverse stimuli in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells.
methods. The ability of the iron chelator salicylaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone (SIH) to chelate intracellular labile iron was tested in the human cell line ARPE-19. The ability of SIH to protect against RPE cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide, staurosporine, anti-Fas, and exposure to A2E plus blue light was determined. ROS production by staurosporine was assessed in the presence and absence of SIH. The protective activity of SIH was compared with that of other iron chelators and an antioxidant.
results. Acute exposure to SIH was nontoxic and at least partially protective against cell death induced by all tested agents. On a molar basis, SIH was more protective against hydrogen peroxide than other iron chelators and an antioxidant. SIH decreased levels of staurosporine-induced ROS.
conclusions. Iron chelation with SIH can decrease levels of ROS and protect RPE cells against cell death induced by diverse stimuli. These results suggest a central role for iron in cell death pathways, potentially involving the generation of oxidative stress. SIH or related iron chelators may prove useful for protection against diseases involving RPE death, such as AMD.
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