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Folkert K. Horn, Christian Y. Mardin, Robert Laemmer, Delia Baleanu, Anselm M. Juenemann, Friedrich E. Kruse, Ralf P. Tornow; Correlation between Local Glaucomatous Visual Field Defects and Loss of Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Measured with Polarimetry and Spectral Domain OCT. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(5):1971-1977. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-2405.
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purpose. To study the correlation between local perimetric field defects and glaucoma-induced thickness reduction of the nerve layer measured in the peripapillary area with scanning laser polarimetry (SLP) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SOCT) and to compare the results with those of a theoretical model.
methods. The thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer was determined in 32 sectors (11.25° each) by using SLP with variable cornea compensation (GDxVCC; Laser Diagnostics, San Diego, CA) and the newly introduced high-resolution SOCT (Spectralis; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). Eighty-eight healthy subjects served as control subjects, to determine the thickness deviation in patients with glaucoma. The relationship between glaucomatous nerve fiber reduction and visual field losses was calculated in six nerve fiber bundle–related areas. Sixty-four patients at different stages of open-angle glaucoma and 26 patients with ocular hypertension underwent perimetry (Octopus G1; Haag-Streit, Köniz, Switzerland) and measurements with the two morphometric techniques.
results. Sector-shaped analyses between local perimetric losses and reduction of the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness showed a significant association for corresponding areas except for the central visual field in SLP. Correlation coefficients were highest in the area of the nasal inferior visual field (SOCT, −0.81; SLP, −0.57). A linear model describes the association between structural and functional damage.
conclusions. Localized perimetric defects can be explained by reduced nerve fiber layer thickness. The data indicate that the present SOCT is useful for determining the functional-structural relationship in peripapillary areas and that association between perimetric defects and corresponding nerve fiber losses is stronger for SOCT than for the present SLP. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00494923.)
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