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Masaki Tanito, Feng Li, Michael H. Elliott, Mark Dittmar, Robert E. Anderson; Protective Effect of TEMPOL Derivatives against Light-Induced Retinal Damage in Rats. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(4):1900-1905. doi: 10.1167/iovs.06-1057.
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purpose. OT-551 (1-hydroxy-4-cyclopropanecarbonyloxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine hydrochloride), a TEMPOL-H (OT-674) derivative, is a new catalytic antioxidant. In the present study, the efficacy of OT-551 and OT-674 in retinal neuroprotection was tested in a model of light-induced photoreceptor degeneration.
methods. Albino rats were intraperitoneally injected with OT-551, OT-674, or water, approximately 30 minutes before a 6-hour exposure to 2700-lux white fluorescent light. Retinal protection was evaluated histologically by measuring the thickness of the outer nuclear layer (ONL) and functionally by electroretinogram (ERG) analysis, 5 to 7 days after exposure to light. Levels of protein modification by 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and 4-hydroxyhexenal (4-HHE), which are end products of the nonenzymatic oxidation of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, respectively, were measured by Western dot blot analysis immediately after exposure to light.
results. After exposure to light, water-treated animals had a 77% loss of ERG b-wave amplitudes and a 26% and 56% loss of mean ONL thickness in the inferior and superior hemispheres, respectively. Compared with water-treated rats, ERG b-wave amplitudes in light-exposed eyes were significantly higher in 25 (P < 0.05)-, 50 (P < 0.05)-, and 100 (P < 0.001)-mg/kg OT-551-treated rats. Mean ONL thickness in the superior hemisphere was significantly higher in 25 (P < 0.01)-, 50 (P < 0.01)-, and 100 (P < 0.001)-mg/kg OT-551-treated, light-exposed eyes and in 100 mg/kg (P < 0.05) OT-674-treated eyes. No decrease of ONL thickness was observed in the light-protected covered fellow eyes in any animal. Increased levels of 4-HNE- and 4-HHE-protein modifications after exposure to light in water-treated eyes were completely counteracted by 100 mg/kg OT-551.
conclusions. Systemic administration of OT-551 and OT-674 provides both functional and morphologic photoreceptor cell protection against acute light-induced damage, most likely by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. The protection by OT-551 was greater than OT-674.
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