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Jacky M. K. Kwong, Joseph Caprioli, Natik Piri; RNA Binding Protein with Multiple Splicing: A New Marker for Retinal Ganglion Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(2):1052-1058. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4098.
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© 2015 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
To characterize expression of the RNA binding protein (RBPMS) in the retina as a specific marker for retinal ganglion cells (RGCs).
Optic nerve transection (ONT) was performed on adult male Wistar rats. Retrograde RGC labeling was performed with FluoroGold (FG) applied to the cut surface of the optic nerve. RBPMS mRNA and protein expression in the retina was analyzed by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, respectively. The expression of RBPMS in various rat tissues was analyzed with semiquantitative RT-PCR.
RBPMS mRNA and protein expression was localized primarily to irregularly shaped cells in the ganglion cell layer of the retina. Quantitative analysis showed that almost 100% of RGCs labeled by FG were also RBPMS-positive, irrespective of their location relative to the optic nerve head. Approximately 94% to 97% of RBPMS-positive cells were also positive for Thy-1, neurofilament H, and III β-tubulin. In 2-week ONT retinas, the remaining few RGCs were weakly stained with RBPMS compared with intact RGCs in control retinas. Outside the retina, expression of RBPMS was observed in the heart, kidney, liver, and lungs. No expression was detected in any neuronal tissues except the retina.
The data indicate that in the retina RBPMS is selectively expressed in RGCs and therefore could serve as a marker for RGC quantification in normal retinas and for estimation of RGC loss in ocular neuropathies.
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