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Jay W. McLaren, William M. Bourne, Sanjay V. Patel; Standardization of Corneal Haze Measurement in Confocal Microscopy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(11):5610-5616. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5614.
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Corneal stromal haze cannot be compared in longitudinal studies or across laboratories without standardization. In this study, a method was devised of standardizing image brightness in confocal microscopy of the cornea.
Thirty-six normal corneas of 18 untreated volunteers and 35 corneas of 18 patients 3 years after LASIK were examined by slit scanning confocal microscopy. The mean image intensity of each frame was adjusted for daily variations in sensitivity of the microscope by using scans through a solution of Amco Clear (GSF Chemicals, Columbus, OH). Adjusted image intensities were expressed in scatter units (SU), representing the concentration of Amco Clear that produced the same intensity as the image. The intensity from the stroma in corneas after LASIK was compared to that in untreated corneas by using generalized estimating equation models.
In the untreated corneas, image brightness was 1079 ± 242 and 758 ± 142 SU in the anterior and mid stroma, respectively. Three years after LASIK, image intensity in the flap was 740 ± 186 SU, approximately 30% lower than in corresponding stroma of the untreated corneas (P < 0.001). At mid stroma, brightness was 715 ± 117 SU after LASIK, and was not significantly different from brightness in untreated corneas (P = 0.26).
Clinical confocal microscopy provides a high-resolution measurement of corneal haze, and Amco Clear provides a means of standardizing these measurements. This method can detect subtle decreases in haze in the corneal flap 3 years after LASIK and could be used to examine changes in haze after lamellar keratoplasty.
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