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Vidhya R. Rao, Elizabeth Prescott, Namdev B. Shelke, Ruchit Trivedi, Peter Thomas, Craig Struble, Tom Gadek, Charles A. O'Neill, Uday B. Kompella; Delivery of SAR 1118 to the Retina via Ophthalmic Drops and its Effectiveness in a Rat Streptozotocin (STZ) Model of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(10):5198-5204. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-5144.
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To determine the pharmacokinetics of SAR 1118, a small-molecule antagonist of leukocyte function-associated antigen (LFA)-1, after administration of ophthalmic drops in normal rats, and to determine its pharmacologic activity by assessing the inhibition of retinal leukostasis and vascular leakiness in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic retinopathy model.
The ocular pharmacokinetics of SAR 1118 were studied in rats after a single topical dose of 14C-SAR 1118 (1 mg/eye; 40 μCi; 15.5 μL). SAR 1118 concentration time profiles in plasma and ocular tissues were quantified by liquid scintillation counting (LSC). The pharmacologic activity of SAR 1118 eye drops administered thrice daily for 2 months at 1% (0.3 mg/eye/d) and 5% (1.5 mg/eye/d) was assessed in an STZ-induced diabetic rat model by determining retinal leukostasis and blood–retinal barrier breakdown. Diabetic rats treated with periocularly administered celecoxib microparticles served as the positive control, and vehicle-treated rats served as the negative control.
A single dose of 6.5% 14C-radiolabeled SAR 1118 ophthalmic drops delivered retinal drug levels greater than 1 μM in less than 30 minutes and sustained levels greater than 100 nM for 8 hours. SAR 1118 eye drops significantly reduced leukostasis and blood–retinal barrier breakdown in a dose-dependent manner.
SAR 1118 ophthalmic drops administered thrice daily deliver therapeutic levels of SAR 1118 in the retina and can alleviate the retinal complications associated with diabetes.
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