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Kyoung Sub Lee, Dong-Ah Ko, Eun-Soon Kim, Myoung Joon Kim, Hungwon Tchah, Jae Yong Kim; Bevacizumab and Rapamycin Can Decrease Corneal Opacity and Apoptotic Keratocyte Number following Photorefractive Keratectomy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(12):7645-7653. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-10494.
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We investigated the effects of bevacizumab and rapamycin on central corneal opacity and apoptotic keratocyte number after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed by ultraviolet B (UV-B) irradiation.
A total of 60 right eyes of Sprague-Dawley rats in four groups (n = 15 each) underwent PRK ablation to 80 μm with a 3-mm zone. Sponges soaked with 0.02% mitomycin C (MMC), 2.5% bevacizumab, 0.01% rapamycin, and balanced saline solution were applied for 2 minutes to these eyes in the MMC, bevacizumab, rapamycin, and control groups, respectively. At 3 weeks after PRK, all right eyes were exposed to 100 mJ/cm2 UV-B irradiation. Biomicroscopy was used to determine the amount of haze, and TUNEL staining for apoptosis and histology were performed at 3, 6, and 12 weeks.
Contrary to the results at 3 weeks, central corneal haze, and apoptotic keratocyte and keratocyte number decreased significantly in the MMC, bevacizumab, and rapamycin groups compared to the control group, and the keratocyte number was lower in the MMC group than the bevacizumab and rapamycin groups at 6 weeks (all P < 0.05). At 12 weeks, the apoptotic keratocyte number was lower in the MMC, bevacizumab, and rapamycin groups than the control group, and the keratocyte number was significantly lower in the MMC than the rapamycin and control groups (all P < 0.05).
Intraoperative bevacizumab and rapamycin administration decreases central corneal haze and apoptotic keratocyte number after PRK. Bevacizumab and rapamycin may be safe alternatives to MMC during refractive surgery to prevent postoperative corneal opacity less affecting the keratocyte number.
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