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Jeffery L. King, Clyde Guidry; Vitreous IGFBP-3 Effects on Müller Cell Proliferation and Tractional Force Generation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(1):93-99. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8683.
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Previous studies from this laboratory revealed that vitreous insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is a biologically active fragment of the intact protein. The goal of this study was to characterize its effects on Müller cell proliferation and tractional force generation, activities relevant to proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).
Müller cells were isolated from normal porcine retina. The vitreous-type IGFBP-3 fragment was isolated from normal human plasma and compared with intact recombinant protein for the ability to modulate Müller cell proliferation and tractional force generation in tissue culture models.
Müller cells were stimulated to proliferate by serum and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), but not insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I or IGF-II. The cells were similarly unresponsive to IGFBP-3 or the IGFBP-3 fragment alone or in combination with IGF-I or IGF-II. In contrast, Müller cells demonstrated robust extracellular matrix contraction in response to IGF-I, IGF-II, and PDGF. Intact IGFBP-3 attenuated extracellular matrix contraction in response to IGF-I and IGF-II while the IGFBP-3 fragment modulated cell responses to IGF-II only. Neither binding protein altered cell responses to PDGF.
Intact IGFBP-3 modulates Müller cell tractional force generation stimulated by IGF-I and IGF-II while the effects of the vitreous-type fragment are limited to IGF-II. Porcine Müller cells proliferate in response to PDGF, but not IGF-I or IGF-II. Both forms of IGFBP-3 are also without mitogenic effects alone or in combination with IGFs. It appears that Müller cell tractional force generation in PDR is driven by vitreous IGF activity and proliferation is stimulated by growth factors outside of the IGF system.
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