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Yuen Kuen Cheong, Zi Xian Ngoh, Gary Swee Lim Peh, Heng-Pei Ang, Xin-Yi Seah, Zhenzhi Chng, Alan Colman, Jodhbir S. Mehta, William Sun; Identification of Cell Surface Markers Glypican-4 and CD200 That Differentiate Human Corneal Endothelium From Stromal Fibroblasts. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(7):4538-4547. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-11754.
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There is a lack of definitive cell surface markers to differentiate cultured human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs) from stromal fibroblasts, which could contaminate HCEC cultures. The aim of our study is to discover cell surface antigens on HCECs that can be used to identify and purify HCECs from stromal fibroblasts.
RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to find differentially overexpressed genes in HCECs and commercial antibodies against these overexpressed antigens were screened by immunofluorescence assay. Similarly, 242 commercial antibodies against cell-surface antigens also were screened. Selected antibodies were used to sort HCECs from stromal fibroblasts by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS).
Two monoclonal antibodies, anti-GPC4 and anti-CD200, were identified to stain HCECs specifically. FACS was used successfully to sort HCECs away from stromal fibroblasts. Recovery efficiency of HCECs after sorting using anti-GPC4 antibody was higher compared to anti-CD200 antibody, but purity of HCECs culture using either antibody was comparable.
Taken together, the anti-GPC4 and anti-CD200 antibodies can be useful for purification and identification of HCECs in cultures containing stromal fibroblasts.
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