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Zahra Sadrai, William Stevenson, Andre Okanobo, Yihe Chen, Thomas H. Dohlman, Jing Hua, Francisco Amparo, Sunil K. Chauhan, Reza Dana; PDE4 Inhibition Suppresses IL-17–Associated Immunity in Dry Eye Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(7):3584-3591. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-9110.
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© 2017 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
To determine the effect of phosphodiesterase type-4 (PDE4) inhibition on IL-17–associated immunity in experimental dry eye disease (DED).
Murine DED was induced, after which a PDE4 inhibitor (cilomilast), dexamethasone, cyclosporine, or a relevant vehicle was administered topically. Real-time PCR, immunohistochemical staining, and flow cytometry were employed to evaluate the immuno-inflammatory parameters of DED with a focus on IL-17–associated immunity. Corneal fluorescein staining (CFS) was performed to evaluate clinical disease progression.
DED induction increased proinflammatory cytokine expression, pathogenic immune cell infiltration, and CFS scores. Cilomilast significantly decreased the expression of TNF-α in the cornea (P ≤ 0.05) and IL-1α, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the conjunctiva (P ≤ 0.05) as compared with vehicle control. Cilomilast treatment markedly decreased the presence of CD11b+ antigen-presenting cells in the central and peripheral cornea (P ≤ 0.05), and led to decreased conjunctival expression of cytokines IL-6, IL-23, and IL-17 (P ≤ 0.05). Moreover, cilomilast decreased the expression of IL-17 and IL-23 in the draining lymph nodes (P ≤ 0.05). Topical cilomilast was significantly more effective than vehicle at reducing CFS scores (P ≤ 0.05). The therapeutic efficacy of cilomilast was comparable or superior to that of dexamethasone and cyclosporine in all tested measures.
Topical cilomilast suppresses the generation of IL-17–associated immunity in experimental DED.
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