August 2014
Volume 55, Issue 8
Free
Letters to the Editor  |   August 2014
Author Response: Choroidal Thickness and Axial Length
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jorge Ruiz-Medrano
    Clínico San Carlos University Hospital, Ophthalmology Unit, Madrid, Spain;
  • Ignacio Flores-Moreno
    Department of Ophthalmology, Castilla La Mancha University, Albacete, Spain;
  • Pablo Peña-García
    Division of Ophthalmology, Miguel Hernández University, Alicante, Spain;
  • Javier A. Montero
    Pío del Río Hortega University Hospital, Ophthalmology Unit, Valladolid, Spain;
  • Jay S. Duker
    New England Eye Center, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, United States; and
  • José M. Ruiz-Moreno
    Department of Ophthalmology, Castilla La Mancha University, Albacete, Spain;
    Alicante Institute of Ophthalmology, VISSUM, Vitreo-Retinal Unit, Alicante, Spain.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science August 2014, Vol.55, 5055. doi:10.1167/iovs.14-15119
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      Jorge Ruiz-Medrano, Ignacio Flores-Moreno, Pablo Peña-García, Javier A. Montero, Jay S. Duker, José M. Ruiz-Moreno; Author Response: Choroidal Thickness and Axial Length. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(8):5055. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15119.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Our research group thanks Huang and Zhang 1 for their comments about our recent report entitled “Macular choroidal thickness profile in a healthy population measured by swept-source optical coherence tomography.” 2 Axial length (AL), indeed, is one of the key factors influencing choroidal thickness (CT). As stated in Wei et al., 3 the longer the eye, the thinner the choroid. This fact also was described by part of our group in a work carried out by Flores-Moreno et al. 4 about the relationship between highly myopic eyes and CT, finding thinner choroids in highly myopic (and, thus, longer) eyes when compared to the healthy population. 
This study was performed using patients' spherical equivalent (SE) instead of AL determinations, since the procedure to obtain them is less invasive and previous data from the literature show that refraction, which is more convenient to obtain, provides equivalent modeling capability as axial length. 5 Furthermore, the patients included present SE between ±3 diopters, which show higher correlation with AL. 6 This, added to the fact that this study analyzes a wide span of ages (from 3–95 years old), which includes young children, with the difficulties their exploration brings, led to the decision of using SE, which seemed more suitable, especially for these cases. 
We agree with the recommendation of using AL in our correlations with CT, which would make our report more consistent and we hope our decision to use SE instead is now justified. 
References
Huang W Zhang X. Choroidal thickness and axial length. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci . 2014; 55: 5054. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Ruiz-Medrano J Flores-Moreno I Pena-Garcia P Montero JA Duker JS Ruiz-Moreno JM. Macular choroidal thickness profile in a healthy population measured by swept-source optical coherence tomography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci . 2014; 55: 3532–3542. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Wei WB Xu L Jonas JB Subfoveal choroidal thickness: the Beijing Eye Study. Ophthalmology . 2013; 120: 175–180. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Flores-Moreno I Lugo F Duker JS Ruiz-Moreno JM. The relationship between axial length and choroidal thickness in eyes with high myopia. Am J Ophthalmol . 2013; 155: 314–319. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Nishida Y Fujiwara T Imamura Y Lima LH Kurosaka D Spaide RF. Choroidal thickness and visual acuity in highly myopic eyes. Retina . 2012; 32: 1229–1236. [PubMed]
Faria-Ribeiro M Lopes-Ferreira D López-Gil N Jorge J González-Méijome JM. Errors associated with IOLMaster biometry as a function of internal ocular dimensions. J Optom . 2014; 7: 75–78. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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