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Jose M. Artigas, Adelina Felipe, Amparo Navea, Adriana Fandiño, Cristina Artigas; Spectral Transmission of the Human Crystalline Lens in Adult and Elderly Persons: Color and Total Transmission of Visible Light. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(7):4076-4084. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-9471.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To experimentally measure the spectral transmission of human crystalline lenses belonging to adult and elderly persons, and to determine the color and total transmission of visible light of such crystalline lenses.
The spectral transmission curve of 32 human crystalline lenses was measured using a PerkinElmer 800UV/VIS spectrometer. Total transmission of visible light and the chromatic coordinates of these crystalline lenses were determined from these curves for solar illumination.
The crystalline lens that filters UV and its transmission in the visible spectrum decreases with age; such a decrease is greater for short wavelengths. The total transmission of visible light decreases, especially after the age of 70 years, and the crystalline color becomes yellower and saturated.
The great variability existing in the spectral transmission of the human crystalline lens is lesser between the ages of 40 and 59 years, but greater from the age of 60 and older. The decrement in transmittance between these two age groups varies from 40% for 420 nm to 18% for 580 nm. Nevertheless, it is proven that age is not the only parameter affecting crystalline transmission. In the range of 40 to 59 years, age does not bear an influence on total transmission of light, but from 60 years and older it does. Moreover, the light transmitted decreases with age. This total transmission of light is similar to or lower than the amount that the different intraocular lenses transmit, even with a yellow or orange filter. The color of the human lens becomes yellowish and saturated with age.
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