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Azusa Akashi, Akiyasu Kanamori, Kaori Ueda, Yoshiko Matsumoto, Yuko Yamada, Makoto Nakamura; The Detection of Macular Analysis by SD-OCT for Optic Chiasmal Compression Neuropathy and Nasotemporal Overlap. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(7):4667-4672. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-14766.
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© 2017 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
To assess the diagnostic performance of the macular parameters detected by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in band atrophy (BA) eyes.
Forty-nine BA eyes with permanent temporal hemianopia and 89 normal eyes were enrolled. Any patients who had nasal visual field loss were excluded. Each participant was imaged by three-dimensional (3D) OCT-2000, and 10 × 10 grids in the macula were automatically allocated. The thickness of the macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL)+ (GCL+inner plexiform layer [IPL]), and GCL++ (RNFL+GCL+IPL) in both nasal and temporal hemiretina was calculated and compared between the BA and normal eyes. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) in these parameters were compared between the nasal hemiretina and the temporal hemiretina.
All the parameters in the BA eyes were significantly thinner than those in the normal eyes. The AUCs for the mRNFL, GCL+, and GCL++ thickness in the nasal hemiretina were 0.890, 0.988, and 0.981, respectively. The parameters in the nasal hemiretina showed significantly higher AUCs than those parameters in the temporal hemiretina. In the temporal hemiretina, the damaged grids in the mRNFL were located in the arcuate areas in each hemifield.
The inner macular parameters in the nasal hemiretina exhibited high diagnostic abilities to detect BA. The GCL+ was more affected than mRNFL. The characteristic pattern of mRNFL and GCL+ thinning was implicated in the anatomical architecture regarding the nasotemporal overlap of the crossed and uncrossed fibers around the fovea. (www.umin.ac.jp/ctr number, UMIN000006900.)
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