June 2013
Volume 54, Issue 15
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2013
Retinal thickness with posterior pole analysis and its association with axial length and body height
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Takehiro Yamashita
    Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima-Shi, Japan
  • Yuya Kii
    Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima-Shi, Japan
  • Minoru Tanaka
    Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima-Shi, Japan
  • Kumiko Nakao
    Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima-Shi, Japan
  • Taiji Sakamoto
    Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima-Shi, Japan
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Takehiro Yamashita, None; Yuya Kii, None; Minoru Tanaka, None; Kumiko Nakao, None; Taiji Sakamoto, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2013, Vol.54, 3622. doi:
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      Takehiro Yamashita, Yuya Kii, Minoru Tanaka, Kumiko Nakao, Taiji Sakamoto; Retinal thickness with posterior pole analysis and its association with axial length and body height. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(15):3622.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between axial length, body height and retinal thickness with posterior pole analysis of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in young Japanese healthy eyes.

Methods: Prospective observational cross-sectional study comprised 64 right eyes. All participants (mean age 26.0 ± 4.5) underwent comprehensive ophthalmologic examination, including axial length and posterior pole retinal imaging. Axial length was measured with the AL-2000 ultrasound device (TOMEY, Japan). Spectralis SD-OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany), the posterior pole analysis provides retinal thickness of 64 cells within the central 24° area. The relationship between the retinal thickness of the 64 cells and the axial length or body height were investigated using linear regression analysis.

Results: The mean axial length was 25.04 ± 1.30 mm and the mean body height was 167.2 ± 8.5 cm. Retinal thicknesses of central 4 cells around the fovea were not significantly associated with the axial length. Retinal thicknesses of almost other cells (54 cells) were significantly negatively associated with the axial length (r = -0.25 to -0.56, p < 0.05). In contrast, retinal thicknesses of central 7 cells around the fovea were significantly positively associated with the body height (r = 0.26 to 0.37, p < 0.05). Retinal thicknesses of almost other cells (57 cells) were not significantly associated with the body height.

Conclusions: The retinal thicknesses of most posterior pole cells were decreased as axial length increased. However, there was no effect of the axial length on the retinal thicknesses of the central 4 cells around the fovea. In contrast, inverted relationships were observed between the retinal thickness and the body height.

Keywords: 688 retina • 550 imaging/image analysis: clinical • 605 myopia  
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