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D M Levi, R S Harwerth, R E Manny; Suprathreshold spatial frequency detection and binocular interaction in strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1979;18(7):714-725. doi: https://doi.org/.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We have investigated suprathreshold contrast sensitivity and binocular interactions in strabismic and anisometropic amblyopes using a reaction time paradigm. For every spatial frequency, reaction time increased as the grating contrast decreased. At all spatial frequencies and contrast values the reaction times using the amblyopic eye were prolonged compared to the nonamblyopic eye, but most markedly at high spatial frequencies. In the middle range of spatial frequencies, the contrast vs. reaction time function for the nonamblyopic eyes was biphasic, suggesting that two separate mechanisms detect gratings at high and low contrast levels. These functions in deep amblyopia were monotonic, and in shallow amblyopia the break in the functions was present but shifted to lower contrast levels. Binocular interaction experiments showed that binocular summation was absent at all contrast levels, but binocular occlusion was evident at high contrast levels for amblyopic observers.
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