July 1982
Volume 23, Issue 1
Free
Articles  |   July 1982
Mechanisms of allograft rejection of corneal endothelium.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science July 1982, Vol.23, 32-40. doi:https://doi.org/
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      Y Tagawa, A M Silverstein, R A Prendergast; Mechanisms of allograft rejection of corneal endothelium.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1982;23(1):32-40. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

The local intraocular graft-vs.-host (GVH) reaction, involving the destruction of the corneal endothelial cells of the rabbit host by sensitized donor lymphoid cells, has been used to study the mechanism of corneal allograft rejection. Pretreatment of donor cells with a specific mouse monoclonal hybridoma anti-T cell antibody and complement suppresses the destructive reaction, suggesting that a cellular-immune mechanism is primarily involved. Pretreatment of donor cells with mitomycin-C completely abolishes the local GVH reaction, indicating that the effector lymphocytes must undergo mitosis within the eye before they can engage in target cell destruction. Finally, studies of the local GVH reaction in irradiated leukopenic recipients or in preinflamed rabbit eyes suggest that host leukocytes may contribute nonspecifically to enhance the destructive process. These studies show that the local ocular GVH reaction may provide a useful model for the study of the mechanisms involved in the rejection of corneal allografts.

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