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R D Yee, S A Daniels, O W Jones, R W Baloh, V Honrubia; Effects of an optokinetic background on pursuit eye movements.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1983;24(8):1115-1122.
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The effects of an optokinetic background on pursuit eye movements was studied in four normal human subjects and seven patients with impaired pursuit and/or optokinetic nystagmus (OKN). Eye movements were recorded by DC electro-oculography and eye movement velocity was analyzed by a digital, microprocessor system. Tracking of a small laser target was performed against a featureless, white screen, a stationary OKN background that filled the entire visual field and an OKN background moving at constant velocity. The OKN background significantly affected pursuit in all subjects. The stationary background or background moving in the direction opposite to that of the laser target impaired pursuit; whereas, the background moving in the same direction as that of the target improved pursuit. The effects of the background on pursuit were greater in subjects with lower pursuit gains during tracking against the screen. An algebraic summation of independently induced pursuit and OKN eye movements could not account for all of the experimental observations.
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