January 1984
Volume 25, Issue 1
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Articles  |   January 1984
Astigmatism in children: changes in axis and amount from birth to six years.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science January 1984, Vol.25, 88-92. doi:
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      J Gwiazda, M Scheiman, I Mohindra, R Held; Astigmatism in children: changes in axis and amount from birth to six years.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1984;25(1):88-92.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Noncycloplegic refractions of 1,000 children aged 0-6 years revealed a high incidence of astigmatism, especially in the first 2 years of life. Before age 41/2 years, most of the astigmatism was against-the-rule and after that age most was with-the-rule. Of 19 children who did not show astigmatism in the first year, only one acquired it by 4 years. Of 29 children who had large amounts of astigmatism in the first year, all showed elimination or a large reduction in the amount of the cylindrical error by 4 years. These results are relevant to the etiology of astigmatism.

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