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V Trinkaus-Randall, H M Leibowitz, W J Ryan, A Kupferman; Quantification of stromal destruction in the inflamed cornea.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1991;32(3):603-609.
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An intrastromal injection of endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in one eye of New Zealand albino rabbits induced a prominent keratitis characterized clinically and microscopically by edema and infiltration. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) constituted the primary invading leukocytic element. Collagen synthesis was measured by pulsing the corneas with 3H-proline before inducing inflammation. The invasion of the cornea by leukocytes did not alter the conversion of proline to hydroxyproline significantly in the stroma during the 14-day observation period, signifying that there were only negligible changes in the rate of collagen synthesis. However, the percentage of total stromal protein represented by collagen (ie, collagen/total protein) was only 50% of that in comparable corneas receiving an injection of phosphate-buffered saline. Some animals were rendered leukopenic by intravenous nitrogen mustard before intrastromal LPS injection caused a less severe corneal inflammatory response, characterized microscopically by fewer infiltrating leukocytes. Similarly, in nonleukopenic rabbits, topical therapy with 1% prednisolone acetate markedly reduced the corneal inflammatory response which also was characterized by fewer invading leukocytes. In neither instance was there extreme collagen loss, suggesting that the loss of stromal collagen is related to PMN infiltration.
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