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F F Behar-Cohen, T David, Y Buechler, M P Nova, L L Houston, Y M Pouliquen, Y Courtois; Cytotoxic effects of FGF2-saporin on bovine epithelial lens cells in vitro.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1995;36(12):2425-2433.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To test the ability of two preparations of FGF2-saporin, either FGF2 chemically conjugated to saporin (FGF2-SAP) or genetically engineered FGF2-saporin (rFGF2-SAP) to inhibit the growth of bovine epithelial lens (BEL) cells in vitro when in solution and when immobilized on heparin surface-modified (HSM) polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) intraocular lenses (IOLs). METHOD: Bovine epithelial lens cells were incubated with various concentrations FGF2-saporin for as long as 4 days. The number of surviving cells was determined by counting the number of nuclei. Because FGF2 binds to heparin, FGF2-saporin was incubated with HSM PMMA IOLs; excess toxin was washed off, and the BEL cells were grown on the FGF2-saporin-treated IOLs (HSM and non-HSM) for 4 days. Cell density was determined by image analysis. RESULTS: Both FGF2-SAP and rFGF2-SAP were highly cytotoxic (nM range), with rFGF2-SAP 10 times less active than FGF2-SAP. FGF2-saporin bound to the surface of HSM IOLs and eluted by 2M NaCl retained its activity. Toxin bound to HSM IOLs killed more than 90% of the BEL cells placed on the IOL surface within 4 days. The ability of FGF2-saporin to prevent the growth of cells on the IOL surface was strictly dependent on the presence of heparin on the IOL. CONCLUSIONS: FGF2-saporin is bound to HSM PMMA IOLs and prevents the growth of epithelial cells on the surface of the lens.
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