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N Ibaraki, L R Lin, V N Reddy; Effects of growth factors on proliferation and differentiation in human lens epithelial cells in early subculture.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1995;36(11):2304-2312.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: A successful method to subculture human lens epithelial (HLE) cells that retain their intrinsic characteristics is of great importance. This study examines the effects of four different growth factors on proliferation and differentiation in HLE cells in early subcultures. METHODS: Specimens of HLE cells were obtained from infants. First- or second-passage cells were cultured in the presence of 10(-2) to 10(2) ng/ml acidic and basic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF, bFGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), or insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Cell proliferation was determined from cell number, and fiber differentiation was assessed from the time of appearance, the number of lentoids formed, and the expression of gamma-crystallin. RESULTS: Cell proliferation was increased by EGF, bFGF, and IGF-I at concentrations greater than 10(-1) ng/ml; the most effective concentration was 10 ng/ml. The effect of aFGF on proliferation appeared only at a concentration of 10(2) ng/ml. EGF, bFGF, or IGF-I at 10 ng/ml affected the time of appearance and the number of lentoids formed within 5 to 7 days. In contrast, lentoids were observed after 42 days without the addition of growth factors. Lentoid formation was accompanied by the expression of gamma-crystallin. CONCLUSIONS: EGF, aFGF, bFGF, and IGF-I stimulated cell proliferation and fiber differentiation in early subcultures.
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