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Laurent Kodjikian, Carole Burillon, Cécile Chanloy, Valérie Bostvironnois, Gérard Pellon, Eliane Mari, Jean Freney, Thierry Roger; In Vivo Study of Bacterial Adhesion to Five Types of Intraocular Lenses. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(12):3717-3721.
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purpose. To determine in vivo behavior of the ability of the Staphylococcus epidermidis strain (American Type Culture Collection [ATCC] 14990) to attach to 120 intraocular lenses (IOLs) made of five different biomaterials: fluorine polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), heparinized PMMA, silicone, hydrophobic acrylic, and hydrogel. The pig was chosen as an animal model of endophthalmitis, after a bibliographical analysis and a personal study of its aqueous humor composition.
methods. Crystalline lenses from 90 domestic pigs were removed aseptically and replaced with previously infected IOLs. The animals were killed 24 hours, 72 hours, and 1 week after implantation of the IOLs. The extent of bacterial binding was then measured by counting. Results were compared with a two-factor analysis of variance (ANOVA 2), confirmed by the Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test.
results. The extent of bacterial binding (expressed as bound bacteria per area unit) was found to range in increasing order from hydrogel, to fluorine PMMA, to hydrophobic acrylic, to heparinized PMMA, to silicone polymer. Comparison of pairs of materials showed statistically significant differences, except between hydrogel and fluorine PMMA.
conclusions. To the authors’ knowledge, no study has been published so far concerning the in vivo evolution of populations of bacteria adhering to different intraocular materials. Bacterial adhesion to the implant surface must therefore depend on the hydrophobicity or hydrophilicity of the biomaterial. Adhesion is also affected by the nature of the surrounding medium. Because of its complexity, the latter appears to be very difficult to model, thus making in vivo studies essential.
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