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Francesca Diomedi Camassei, Raffaele Cozza, Antonio Acquaviva, Alessandro Jenkner, Lucilla Ravà, Roberta Gareri, Alberto Donfrancesco, Cesare Bosman, Pasquale Vadalà, Theodora Hadjistilianou, Renata Boldrini; Expression of the Lipogenic Enzyme Fatty Acid Synthase (FAS) in Retinoblastoma and Its Correlation with Tumor Aggressiveness. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(6):2399-2403. doi: 10.1167/iovs.02-0934.
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purpose. Fatty acid synthase (FAS) performs the anabolic conversion of dietary carbohydrate or protein to fatty acids. Many common human cancers express high levels of FAS, and its differential expression between normal and neoplastic tissues has led to the consideration of FAS as a target for anticancer therapy. To investigate the potential of targeting FAS in the treatment of retinoblastoma, we first determined whether FAS was activated in this human tumor. Moreover, correlation of FAS expression with tumor aggressiveness was determined.
methods. FAS reactivity was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 66 retinoblastoma specimens from 65 patients. Degree of tumor differentiation, choroid invasion, optic nerve infiltration, mitotic rate, and necrosis extension were estimated. FAS expression was correlated with all these tumor characteristics by means of parametric and nonparametric statistical analyses.
results. Eighty-two percent of tumors were FAS positive. Stronger FAS expression correlated with more advanced choroid (P < 0.001) and optic nerve (P = 0.016) invasion, high mitotic index (P < 0.001), and less differentiated histology (P = 0.047). Correlation with extension of necrosis was not statistically significant. Unaffected retina was negative.
conclusions. The data suggest that expression of FAS and fatty acid synthesis support an essential functional aspect of retinoblastoma cells, perhaps cell growth or survival. FAS activation may serve as a novel target for systemic and local antineoplastic therapy and, because it increases with tumor aggressiveness, its inhibition could represent an alternative treatment strategy in advanced and resistant retinoblastomas.
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