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Felix Bock, Jasmine Onderka, Tina Dietrich, Björn Bachmann, Friedrich E. Kruse, Matthias Paschke, Grit Zahn, Claus Cursiefen; Bevacizumab as a Potent Inhibitor of Inflammatory Corneal Angiogenesis and Lymphangiogenesis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(6):2545-2552. doi: 10.1167/iovs.06-0570.
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purpose. To analyze whether bevacizumab can inhibit inflammatory angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the cornea. Bevacizumab (Avastin; Roche, Welwyn Garden City, UK) is a recombinant, humanized, monoclonal antibody against VEGF-A that has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of colon carcinomas.
methods. The mouse model of suture-induced corneal neovascularization was used to assess the antihemangiogenic and antilymphangiogenic effect of bevacizumab by systemic and topical application. Corneal flatmounts were stained with LYVE-1 as a specific lymphatic vascular endothelial marker and CD31 as a pan-endothelial marker, and blood and lymph vascularized areas were analyzed morphometrically. The inhibitory effect of bevacizumab on lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) was analyzed with a colorimetric (BrdU) proliferation ELISA. The binding ability of bevacizumab to murine VEGF-A was analyzed by Western blot, ELISA, and surface plasmon resonance.
results. The systemic and topical applications of bevacizumab significantly inhibited the outgrowth of blood (P < 0.006 and P < 0.0001, respectively) and lymphatic (P < 0.002 and P < 0.0001, respectively) vessels. Inhibition of the proliferation of LECs was also significant (P < 0.0001). Western blot analysis, ELISA, and the surface plasmon resonance assay showed that bevacizumab binds murine VEGF-A.
conclusions. Topical or systemic application of bevacizumab inhibits both inflammation-induced angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the cornea. This finding suggests an important role of VEGF-A in corneal lymphangiogenesis. Bevacizumab may be useful in preventing immune rejections after penetrating keratoplasty or tumor metastasis via lymphatic vessels.
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