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Irene A. Barbazetto, Miia Room, Nicholas A. Yannuzzi, Gaetano R. Barile, Joanna E. Merriam, Anne M. C. Bardal, K. Bailey Freund, Lawrence A. Yannuzzi, Rando Allikmets; ATM Gene Variants in Patients with Idiopathic Perifoveal Telangiectasia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(9):3806-3811. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1357.
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purpose. To investigate the prevalence of sequence variants in the ATM gene and to determine the frequency of major age-related macular degeneration (AMD)–associated variants in CFH, CFB, and 10q26 loci in patients with idiopathic perifoveal telangiectasia (IPT).
methods. Thirty patients with diagnoses of IPT underwent standard ophthalmologic evaluation that included visual acuity testing, fundus photography, and fluorescein angiography. DNA was screened for variations in the ATM gene by a combination of denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography and direct sequencing. Major AMD-associated alleles in CFH, CFB, and 10q loci were screened by PCR-restriction fragment-length polymorphism.
results. Nineteen female and 11 male patients (average age, 59 years) with a median visual acuity of 20/50 were evaluated. Six patients were of Asian-Indian origin, one was Hispanic, and 23 were of European-American ancestry. Nine of 30 (30%) patients had diabetes mellitus, 18 of 30 (60%) patients had hypertension, and 12 of 30 (40%) patients had a history of smoking. Screening of the ATM gene revealed a null allele in 2 of 23 (8.7%) patients of European ancestry, previously disease-associated missense alleles in 4 of 23 (17.4%) patients, and common missense alleles in 7 of 23 (30.4%) patients. No variants were identified in the ATM gene in patients of Asian or Hispanic origin. Frequencies of major AMD-associated alleles in CFH, CFB, and 10q loci in the IPT cohort were similar to those in the ethnically matched general population.
conclusions. At least 26%, and maybe up to 57%, of IPT patients of European-American descent carried possibly disease-associated ATM alleles. Vascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and smoking may be associated with the pathogenesis of the disease.
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