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Guorong Li, Coralia Luna, Jianming Qiu, David L. Epstein, Pedro Gonzalez; Role of miR-204 in the Regulation of Apoptosis, Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response, and Inflammation in Human Trabecular Meshwork Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(6):2999-3007. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-6708.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the biological functions of miR-204 in human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells.
Changes in gene expression induced by miR-204 in HTM cells were evaluated by gene array analysis using arrays and confirmed by quantitative-PCR (Q-PCR). Direct targeting of miR-204 to 12 potential novel targets was confirmed using a luciferase system, and five of them were verified by Western blot analysis. Effects of miR-204 on apoptosis, cell viability, and accumulation of carbonylated proteins were evaluated in HTM cells treated with H2O2. Induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers by tunicamycin was analyzed by Q-PCR, and expression of IL-8 and IL-11 was analyzed by ELISA.
MiR-204 decreased the expression of multiple genes in HTM cells. Twelve genes (AP1S2, Bcl2l2, BIRC2, EDEM1, EZR, FZD1, M6PR, RAB22A, RAB40B, SERP1, TCF12, and TCF4 ) were validated as direct targets of miR-204. Downregulation of expressions at protein levels of Bcl2l2, BIRC2, EZR, M6PR, and SERP1 were confirmed by Western blot analysis. HTM cells transfected with miR-204 showed increased levels of apoptosis, decreased viability, increased accumulation of oxidized proteins after H2O2 treatment, decreased induction of ER stress response markers, and reduced expression of inflammatory mediators IL-8 and IL-11.
MiR-204 potentially plays an important role in the regulation of multiple functions in HTM cells including apoptosis, accumulation of damaged proteins, ER stress response, and expression of inflammatory mediators.
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