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Colin S. H. Tan, Kelvin Z. Li, Tock Han Lim; A Novel Technique of Adjusting Segmentation Boundary Layers to Achieve Comparability of Retinal Thickness and Volumes between Spectral Domain and Time Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(9):5515-5519. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-9868.
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The quantitative assessment of retinal thickness and volume varies according to the optical coherence tomography (OCT) machine used due to differences in segmentation lines. We describe a novel method of adjusting the segmentation lines of spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT) to enable comparison with time-domain OCT (TD-OCT), and assess factors affecting its accuracy.
In a prospective study, SD-OCT (Spectralis OCT) and TD-OCT (Stratus OCT) were sequentially performed on 200 eyes of 100 healthy individuals. Central retinal thickness (CRT), central point thickness (CPT), and 1-mm volume of the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study grid were compared between the two machines. The segmentation lines on SD-OCT were manually adjusted by a trained operator and the parameters compared again with TD-OCT.
The mean CRTs of Spectralis and Stratus were significantly different (268.2 μm vs. 193.9 μm, P < 0.001). After adjustment of segmentation lines, the mean adjusted Spectralis CRT was 197.3 μm, with the difference between SD-OCT and TD-OCT measurements decreasing from 74.3 μm to 3.4 μm (P < 0.001). The difference between the adjusted Spectralis and Stratus CRTs was smallest for high myopes (≤ −6.0 diopters [D]) compared with those with moderate and low myopia (1.5 μm vs. 3.5 μm and 4.6 μm, respectively; P < 0.001). Similar trends were obtained for central 1-mm volumes and CPT. Interoperator and intraoperator repeatability for adjustment of the segmentation lines were good, with an intraclass correlation of 0.99 for both.
Manual adjustment of SD-OCT segmentation lines reliably achieves retinal thickness and volume measurements that are comparable to that of TD-OCT. This is valuable to allow comparisons in multicenter clinical trials where different OCT machines may be used.
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