March 1977
Volume 16, Issue 3
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Articles  |   March 1977
Interaction of adrenergic agents with alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone and infrared irradiation of the iris in the rabbit eye.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science March 1977, Vol.16, 209-217. doi:
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      E Bengtsson; Interaction of adrenergic agents with alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone and infrared irradiation of the iris in the rabbit eye.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1977;16(3):209-217.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Breakdown of the blood aqueous barrier in the rabbit eye induces a protein leakage into the aqueous humor, seen as a flare in the anterior chamber. A barrier damage was induced by topical prostaglandin E2(PGE2), infrared irradiation of the iris, or alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) given subcutaneously. The aqueous flare was measured quantitatively by means of a photoelectric instrument. The interference of adrenergic antagonists and agonists on the breakdown of the barrier was tested. The alpha-adrenergic antagonist phentolamine and the beta-adrenergic antagonist propranolol, given intravenously, had no effect on exogenously administered PGE2, but both antagonists reduced the flare response to infrared irradiation which is supposed to exert its effect via endogenous prostaglandin release. The alpha-MSH response was unaffected by phentolamine, whereas propranolol abolished the flare response to alpha-MSH totally. The PGE1 response was unaffected both by the alpha-adrenergic agonist noradrenaline and the beta-adrenergic agonist terbutalin sulfate, administered topically. Noradrenaline, however, inhibited the flare response to infrared irradiation and facilitated the flare response to alpha-MSH. Terbutalin sulfate worked synergistically with both infrared irradiation and alpha-MSH. It is assumed that alpha-MSH exerts its effect on the barrier via enhanced beta-adrenergic activity, whereas the effects caused by infrared irradiation seem conditioned by intact alpha- as well as beta-adrnergic receptor sites.

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