March 1979
Volume 18, Issue 3
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Articles  |   March 1979
Low-energy, Q-switched ruby laser iridotomies in Macaca mulatta.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science March 1979, Vol.18, 278-287. doi:
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      C H Bonney, D E Gaasterland; Low-energy, Q-switched ruby laser iridotomies in Macaca mulatta.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1979;18(3):278-287.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Laser iridotomies have been pursued as a means of performing anterior segments surgery as a virtually noninvasive procedure. An ideal single laser pulse technique has been elusive. In this study, iridotomies in rhesus monkeys were produced with a single exposure to a Q-switched ruby laser pulse. The iridotomy formation was accompanied by acoustic wave generation, bubble formation, and explosive tissue disruption, evidence of a nonlinear laser-iris interaction. The average energies at which these iridotomies were produced ranged between 18 and 48 mJ, some of the lowest energies reported for a laser iridotomy. Corneal changes were observed both at the epithelium and at the endothelium in some, but not all, of the eyes exposed. The epithelial changes morphologically resembled nonlinear damage reported for transparent solids. Damage to physical materials has been attributed to stimulated Brillouin scattering, a mechanism that may also play a role at the cornea. Consideration of such phenomena should be a part of the clinical evaluation prior to exposure of a cornea to high-power laser pulses. Although the endothelial change was more difficult to analyze, a shock-wave effect could not be discounted.

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