June 1991
Volume 32, Issue 7
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Articles  |   June 1991
Amino acid composition of a neutrophil respiratory burst stimulant. Evidence for a protein, noncollagenous source.
Author Affiliations
  • R R Pfister
    Eye Research Laboratories, AMI/Brookwood Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama.
  • J L Haddox
    Eye Research Laboratories, AMI/Brookwood Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama.
  • D Yuille-Barr
    Eye Research Laboratories, AMI/Brookwood Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama.
  • S Berry
    Eye Research Laboratories, AMI/Brookwood Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama.
  • K W Lam
    Eye Research Laboratories, AMI/Brookwood Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 1991, Vol.32, 2112-2118. doi:
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      R R Pfister, J L Haddox, D Yuille-Barr, S Berry, K W Lam; Amino acid composition of a neutrophil respiratory burst stimulant. Evidence for a protein, noncollagenous source.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1991;32(7):2112-2118.

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Abstract

Activation of the neutrophil respiratory burst by the supernatant fraction from an alkali-treated collagen preparations (SAC) was enhanced by longer durations of exposure to alkali (1 N NaOH for 0.5-24 hr). The concentrate obtained from ultrafiltration (greater than 30,000 molecular weight) of SAC (1 N NaOH for 24 hr) retained the stimulatory factor. Fractionation of this ultraconcentrate by high-performance liquid chromatography showed that the stimulatory activity resided in the void volume (highest molecular weight). The amino acid composition of this active fraction revealed that this proteinaceous stimulant was not derived from the collagen molecule. Treatment of the SAC with ultrapure bacterial collagenase increased its stimulatory capacity, confirming its noncollagenous nature. Alkali treatment of whole cornea also released a similar large molecular weight, noncollagenous protein that stimulated the respiratory burst of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Enhanced stimulation after prolonged NaOH treatment of the collagen preparation or collagenase treatment of SAC suggests that the stimulant might reside between collagen fibrils and then be released as the matrix is degraded.

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