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O Arend, A Remky, A E Elsner, B Bertram, M Reim, S Wolf; Quantification of cystoid changes in diabetic maculopathy.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1995;36(3):608-613.
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PURPOSE: In patients with diabetic macular edema and cysts, quantification of the extent of the cystoid formation has been difficult. This study was performed to introduce reliable measurements of cysts, the quantification of the extent, and its relation to visual acuity. METHODS: Fluorescein angiography generated with a scanning laser ophthalmoscope provided detailed recognition not only of the foveal microvasculature, but also of well-demarcated cystoid formations in the early phases. The sampling area included the central 2.5 degrees of the fovea. Using digital image analysis, two independent observers estimated the area covered by cysts, the number of cysts, and the foveal avascular zone (FAZ). RESULTS: Twenty-three subjects with diabetes and macular cysts were enrolled in the current study. The mean area of the cysts was 0.315 +/- 0.241 mm2 (0.05 mm2 to 0.9 mm2), and the number of cysts ranged from 1 to 7. Both parameters, area of cysts (r2 = 0.61), and number of cysts (r2 = 0.48) showed a significant correlation with visual acuity (P < 0.01), whereas FAZ (0.08 to 0.58 mm2) showed no significant correlation with visual acuity. CONCLUSIONS: Fluorescein angiography allows a reproducible quantification of the extent of macular cysts. The relation of visual acuity to the number of cysts and to the area covered by the cystoid formation is highly significant. Thus, both these measures can provide an objective criterion for the estimation of visual prognosis and an outcome for evaluation therapy techniques.
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