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S F Geller, G P Lewis, D H Anderson, S K Fisher; Use of the MIB-1 antibody for detecting proliferating cells in the retina.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1995;36(3):737-744.
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PURPOSE: To study intraretinal proliferation as a response to experimental retinal detachment using an antibody that recognizes the nuclear specific antigen Ki-67 in proliferating cells. METHODS: Experimental retinal detachments were produced in cats (1, 3, 7, and 28 days) and rabbits (1, 3, and 7 days). The animals were killed and the eyes were fixed and embedded in paraffin. Histologic sections were processed for immunohistochemistry using the MIB-1 antibody to detect the Ki-67 protein. Labeled cells were identified, and the proliferative response was quantified. RESULTS: In normal cat retina, approximately 0.05 cells per millimeter of retina are labeled. In cat retina detached for 1, 3, 7, or 28 days, the number of cells labeled by MIB-1 is 0.06, 5.03, 1.38, and 0.23 cells per millimeter of retina, respectively. MIB-1 labeling yields an approximate fivefold increase over the number of proliferating cells detected in retinal sections using 3H-thymidine autoradiography. Detachment of the rabbit retina elicits a similar response as measured by MIB-1 immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to 3H-thymidine, which labels cells in S-phase only, the MIB-1 antibody labels proliferating cells regardless of their location within the cell cycle. MIB-1 labeling, therefore, is a more accurate means of evaluating cellular proliferation in the retina and elsewhere in the central nervous system, and it is a relatively simple way of evaluating the effects of agents that may affect this response.
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