August 1997
Volume 38, Issue 9
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Articles  |   August 1997
Genomic organization of the human TIMP-1 gene. Investigation of a causative role in the pathogenesis of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa 2.
Author Affiliations
  • A J Hardcastle
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.
  • D L Thiselton
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.
  • M Nayudu
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.
  • R M Hampson
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.
  • S S Bhattacharya
    Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science August 1997, Vol.38, 1893-1896. doi:
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      A J Hardcastle, D L Thiselton, M Nayudu, R M Hampson, S S Bhattacharya; Genomic organization of the human TIMP-1 gene. Investigation of a causative role in the pathogenesis of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa 2.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1997;38(9):1893-1896.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of TIMP-1 in inherited retinal degeneration. METHODS: The genomic structure of the TIMP-1 gene was established and male patients with x-linked retinitis pigmentosa 2 from five families were screened for sequence alterations by direct sequencing in all exons, exon-intron boundaries, and the 5' upstream region of the gene. RESULTS: TIMP-1 appears to be expressed in the retina at low levels and consists of six exons spanning a genomic region of approximately 4.5 kb on Xp11.23. No disease-specific sequence alterations were identified. A site substitution in exon 5 was observed in samples from control subjects and patients, but it did not alter the amino acid sequence of the protein product. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study exclude mutations in the TIMP-1 coding sequence, splice sites, and the 5' upstream region as a cause of retinal degeneration in x-linked retinitis pigmentosa 2. However, an as yet unidentified regulatory element that lies outside these intervals may be implicated. The role of this tightly regulated protein in the normal functioning of the retina has yet to be determined.

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