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Jingnan Xiao, James Chodosh; JNK Regulates MCP-1 Expression in Adenovirus Type 19–Infected Human Corneal Fibroblasts. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2005;46(10):3777-3782. doi: 10.1167/iovs.05-0724.
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© 2016 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
purpose. Previous studies indicate that adenovirus type 19 (Ad19) infection of human corneal fibroblasts (HCFs) induces the expression of several proinflammatory mediators, including IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and that the tyrosine kinase c-Src and its downstream target, the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK1/2, mediate IL-8 expression. In this context, the authors sought to investigate the potential role of another mitogen-activated protein kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), in adenoviral ocular pathogenesis.
methods. Ad19- and mock-infected HCFs were solubilized at various time points after infection, and cell lysates were subjected to SDS-PAGE followed by immunoblot analysis with a panel of antibodies against components of the MKK7/JNK/c-Jun pathway or immunoprecipitated for JNK assay. The induction of chemokine mRNA and protein was determined by real-time PCR and ELISA, respectively.
results. Ad19 induced the phosphorylation of MKK7, JNK, and the downstream transcription factor c-Jun in HCFs at 15 and 30 minutes after infection. JNK activity was demonstrated at 30 minutes after infection using the GST–c-Jun fusion protein as a target substrate. SP600125, a specific pharmacologic inhibitor of JNK, blocked MCP-1 but not IL-8 mRNA and protein expression. Finally, PP2, a specific inhibitor of c-Src previously shown to inhibit the expression of both IL-8 and MCP-1 in Ad19-infected HCFs, also blocked JNK phosphorylation after infection.
conclusions. The MKK7/JNK/c-Jun cascade is rapidly activated and mediates MCP-1 expression in Ad19-infected HCFs. Furthermore, the activation of c-Src on Ad19 infection appears to regulate both the ERK and the JNK pathways.
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