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Maria Rosaria Romano, Marcello Diego Lograno; Evidence for the Involvement of Cannabinoid CB1 Receptors in the Bimatoprost-Induced Contractions on the Human Isolated Ciliary Muscle. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(8):3677-3682. doi: 10.1167/iovs.06-0896.
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purpose. To evaluate the bimatoprost effects in the isolated human ciliary muscle and to assess how these response can be modulated by AL8810 and SR141716A.
methods. In a myograph system (isometric force measurement), ciliary muscles were exposed cumulatively to PGF2α, latanoprost, travoprost, bimatoprost, and anandamide (0.1 nM-10 μM). Experiments were also conducted in the presence of AL8810 (FP receptor antagonist; 100 nM) or SR141716A (CB1 receptor antagonist; 10–100 nM). Contractions were expressed as the percentage of 10 μM carbachol-induced contractions.
results. In quiescent tissues, concentration-response curves for bimatoprost, anandamide, PGF2α, latanoprost, and travoprost were constructed. Bimatoprost showed an important contractile effect on isolated human ciliary muscle strips (Emax = 125% ± 0.09%); the maximal effect was higher than that obtained with carbachol. Contractions were inhibited by SR141716A (10 and 100 nM) and AL8810 (100 nM).
conclusions. This study showed evidence of direct interaction of bimatoprost with the contractility of the human ciliary muscle through interaction with cannabinoid CB1 receptor and prostanoid FP receptors.
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