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Tanweer Zaidi, Milan Bajmoczi, Tauqeer Zaidi, David E. Golan, Gerald B. Pier; Disruption of CFTR-Dependent Lipid Rafts Reduces Bacterial Levels and Corneal Disease in a Murine Model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Keratitis. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(3):1000-1009. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-0993.
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purpose. Pseudomonas aeruginosa enters corneal epithelial cells in vitro via membrane microdomains or lipid rafts. Bacterial entry, mediated by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), promotes infection and disease. This study was conducted to determine whether P. aeruginosa and CFTR are colocalized to rafts in isogenic corneal cells expressing wild-type (WT) or mutant ΔF508-CFTR and whether disruption of the rafts both in vitro and in vivo affects the bacterial levels and the course of the disease.
methods. Transformed human corneal epithelial cells from a patient homozygous for ΔF508-CFTR, and the same cells corrected with WT-CFTR, were exposed to six isolates of P. aeruginosa—three invasive and three cytotoxic strains—in the presence of β-cyclodextrin (CD), which disrupts rafts. Association and cellular uptake of the invasive strains were measured, as was lactate dehydrogenase release induced by the cytotoxic strains. Scratch-injured mouse eyes were infected with the six P. aeruginosa strains, and the effect of prophylactic or therapeutic administration of CD on bacterial levels and disease was evaluated.
results. P. aeruginosa and CFTR were colocalized with lipid rafts in cells with WT-CFTR, and CD treatment of these cells disrupted bacterial association, internalization, and cytotoxic effects. Cells expressing ΔF508-CFTR were marginally affected by CD. Prophylactic and therapeutic topical application of CD ameliorated corneal disease and reduced the bacterial count in the eye.
conclusions. P. aeruginosa enters human corneal epithelial cells via lipid rafts containing CFTR, and disruption of raft-mediated uptake of this organism by CD protects against disease and reduces bacterial levels in the mouse model of keratitis.
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