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Michael D. Abràmoff, Kyungmoo Lee, Meindert Niemeijer, Wallace L. M. Alward, Emily C. Greenlee, Mona K. Garvin, Milan Sonka, Young H. Kwon; Automated Segmentation of the Cup and Rim from Spectral Domain OCT of the Optic Nerve Head. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(12):5778-5784. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-3790.
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© 2017 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology.
To evaluate the performance of an automated algorithm for determination of the cup and rim from close-to-isotropic spectral domain (SD) OCT images of the optic nerve head (ONH) and compare to the cup and rim as determined by glaucoma experts from stereo color photographs of the same eye.
Thirty-four consecutive patients with glaucoma were included in the study, and the ONH in the left eye was imaged with SD-OCT and stereo color photography on the same day. The cup and rim were segmented in all ONH OCT volumes by a novel voxel column classification algorithm, and linear cup-to-disc (c/d) ratio was determined. Three fellowship-trained glaucoma specialists performed planimetry on the stereo color photographs, and c/d was also determined. The primary outcome measure was the correlation between algorithm-determined c/d and planimetry-derived c/d.
The correlation of algorithm c/d to experts 1, 2, and 3 was 0.90, 0.87, and 0.93, respectively. The c/d correlation of expert 1 to 2, 1 to 3, and 2 to 3, were 0.89, 0.93, and 0.88, respectively.
In this preliminary study, we have developed a novel algorithm to determine the cup and rim in close-to-isotropic SD-OCT images of the ONH and have shown that its performance for determination of the cup and rim from SD-OCT images is similar to that of planimetry by glaucoma experts. Validation on a larger glaucoma sample as well as normal controls is warranted.
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