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Yasuya Inomata, Mikiko Fukushima, Ryuhei Hara, Eri Takahashi, Megumi Honjo, Takahisa Koga, Takahiro Kawaji, Hiroo Satoh, Motohiro Takeya, Tatsuya Sawamura, Hidenobu Tanihara; Suppression of Choroidal Neovascularization in Lectin-like Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Type 1–Deficient Mice. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(8):3970-3976. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1177.
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purpose. To elucidate the role of the scavenger receptor, lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor type 1 (LOX-1), in the formation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV).
methods. CNV was induced by laser photocoagulation of the ocular fundus in mice. The expression of LOX-1 mRNA and protein after laser injury was determined by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Gelatin zymography was used to measure the activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and pro-MMP-9, and ELISA was used to determine monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels. At 14 days after laser injury, the extent of CNV was evaluated by fluorescein angiography and lectin staining using confocal microscopy.
results. In wild-type mice, the relative expression level of LOX-1 mRNA compared with the control increased significantly 6 hours after laser injury and peaked 12 hours after laser injury (P = 0.011 and P = 0.0006, respectively), and the expression of LOX-1 protein was also detected 1 and 3 days after laser injury. Increases in MMP-2, pro-MMP2, and pro-MMP-9 after laser injury were reduced in LOX-1–deficient mice compared with wild-type mice. At 3 days after laser injury, increases in MCP-1 and VEGF significantly decreased in LOX-1–deficient mice compared with wild-type mice (P = 0.014 and P = 0.001, respectively). Morphometric analyses revealed that the induction of CNV formation was significantly inhibited in LOX-1–deficient mice.
conclusions. These results suggest that LOX-1 plays an important role in the formation of CNV. This scavenging system might thus be a novel therapeutic target for CNV.
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