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Alexandra C. Provost, Leonie Vede, Karine Bigot, Nicole Keller, Anne Tailleux, Jean-Philipe Jaïs, Michelle Savoldelli, Ilhame Ameqrane, Emmanuelle Lacassagne, Jean-Marc Legeais, Bart Staels, Maurice Menasche, Ziad Mallat, Francine Behar-Cohen, Marc Abitbol; Morphologic and Electroretinographic Phenotype of SR-BI Knockout Mice after a Long-Term Atherogenic Diet. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(8):3931-3942. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-2527.
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purpose. To evaluate functional and ultrastructural changes in the retina of scavenger receptor B1 (SR-BI) knockout (KO) mice consuming a high fat cholate (HFC) diet.
methods. Three-month-old male KO and wild-type (WT) mice were fed an HFC diet for 30 weeks. After diet supplementation, plasma cholesterol levels and electroretinograms were analyzed. Neutral lipids were detected with oil red O, and immunohistochemistry was performed on cryostat ocular tissue sections. The retina, Bruch’s membrane (BM), retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), and choriocapillaris (CC) were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy.
results. Using the WT for reference, ultrastructural changes were recorded in HFC-fed SR-BI KO mice, including lipid inclusions, a patchy disorganization of the photoreceptor outer segment (POS) and the outer nuclear layer (ONL), and BM thickening with sparse sub-RPE deposits. Within the CC, there was abnormal disorganization of collagen fibers localized in ectopic sites with sparse and large vacuolization associated with infiltration of macrophages in the subretinal space, reflecting local inflammation. These lesions were associated with electroretinographic abnormalities, particularly increasing implicit time in a- and b-wave scotopic responses. Abnormal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) staining was detected in the outer nuclear layer.
conclusions. HFC-fed SR-BI KO mice thus presented sub-RPE lipid-rich deposits and functional and morphologic alterations similar to some features observed in dry AMD. The findings lend further support to the hypothesis that atherosclerosis causes retinal and subretinal damage that increases susceptibility to some forms of AMD.
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