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Rosana Gerometta, Maria-Grazia Spiga, Teresa Borrás, Oscar A. Candia; Treatment of Sheep Steroid–Induced Ocular Hypertension with a Glucocorticoid-Inducible MMP1 Gene Therapy Virus. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(6):3042-3048. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4920.
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To investigate whether intracameral injection of the adenovirus vector AdhGRE.MMP1 would reduce or prevent elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) induced by corticosteroids in living animals.
Glucocorticoid-inducible adenovirus vectors carrying wild-type or mutant forms of human metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1 and mutMMP1) cDNAs were generated. An adenovirus carrying no gene (Ad5.CMV.Null) was used as an additional control. Sheep were injected intracamerally with 30 μL of each vector, either previously or after the induction of increased IOP with topical prednisolone or sub-Tenon triamcinolone under various protocols. IOP was measured with a Perkins tonometer. Inflammation was monitored by visual inspection.
In eyes in which IOP was already elevated to 24 to 30 mm Hg, injection of AdhGRE.MMP1 reduced IOP by 70% in 24 hours and to 10 to 13 mm Hg in 48 hours. In eyes with normal IOP (9–11 mm Hg), preinjection of the virus protected against the increase in IOP normally produced by the corticosteroid. IOP remained at a level of approximately 12 mm Hg for 5 days despite the continuous application of the corticosteroid. Injections of the control viruses had no hypotensive effects. There were no signs of ocular inflammation or discomfort to the animals.
A single dose of a gene therapy vector carrying an inducible metalloproteinase human gene can both protect against the IOP increase produced by corticosteroid instillation in the sheep model and quickly reverse the IOP increase previously elicited by the corticosteroid. These results are a first step toward a treatment of steroid-glaucoma with inducible overexpression of extracellular matrix modulator genes.
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